Auto Balanced Cooling (ABC)™
Conventional high-output professional loudspeakers use a large diameter opening in the back section of the magnet structure that allows the high-pressure air under the dust cap to "vent" into the enclosure volume. This technique produces little cooling, although many manufacturers claim otherwise. This opening is shown below in Figure 3. This method does offer a performance advantage, however. The airflow from the underside of the dust cap is directed out of the magnet structure through the large opening shown by the red arrows. This large opening reduces high pressure inside the magnet structure that produces turbulent air flow and acoustic noise. Unfortunately, none of this airflow is available to improve product performance when this method is used. A better approach is to "balance" the air flow and direct the proper amount of air past the voice coil where that air flow can produce large performance and reliability benefits. Although the majority of the performance improvements seen with ABC technology are associated with airflow over the voice coil, both the dust cap airflow and rear side cone airflow also act to reduce magnet structure temperatures and further reduce power compression effects.
P Audio's solution to this problem is to "balance" the air flow from under the dust cap and from the rear side of the cone. The technique of "Auto Balanced Cooling" uses the airflow under but redirects this flow onto the voice coil. The airflow is essentially "balanced" in a way that allows the proper distribution of air motion in each section of the magnet structure. The airflow is balanced by adjusting the acoustic resistance of the various air paths to achieve the desired velocity distribution throughout the magnet structure and voice coil areas. The result of this balanced air flow is a 20% or greater reduction in the voice coil temperature. The proper balance of airflow not only provides the necessary reduction in turbulence as does conventional technology, but also provides the noted 20% increase in voice coil cooling. This cooling allows for substantially increased power handling ratings and substantially increased reliability.
The new series of P Audio products utilizing ABC technology has a power handling rating increase of 20% to 30% based in large part on the advantages of Auto Balanced Cooling™ technology.